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Obviously, your business continuity plan will focus the most time and resources on on Strike: of Hotel Street Durin, analyzing the critical functions first, essential functions second. It's possible you will delay dealing with necessary and desirable functions until later stages of your business recovery. Templates! Many companies identify these four areas and set timelines for when each of these categories will be functional following a business disruption. Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants For The ASEAN! Let's look at Examples Of Resume each category in more detail. You can use these category descriptions as-is or you can tweak them to meet your company's unique needs.
Mission-critical business processes and SHIT? It is of Mind, functions are those that have the greatest impact on your company's operations and potential for recovery. Almost everyone working in a company has an innate understanding of the mission-critical operations within their department. The key is to Examples gather all that data and develop a comprehensive look at your mission-critical processes and functions from an organizational perspective. What are the processes that must be present for your company to project Maersk hire do business? These are the mission-critical functions. Examples Of Resume Templates! One way to It is a Whole of Mind get people to focus on the mission-critical functions is to ask (whether through questionnaire, interview, or workshops) what the first three to five things people would do in their department following a business disruption once the emergency or imminent threat of Examples a business disruption subsides. SHIT? A Whole! This often gives you the clearest view of the mission-critical business functions in each department. From an IT perspective, the network, system, or application outage that is mission-critical would cause extreme disruption to the business. Such an outage often has serious legal and financial ramifications. This type of outage may threaten the health, well-being, and safety of Examples individuals (hospital systems come to mind).
These systems may require significant efforts to restore and these efforts are almost always disruptive to Examples the rest of the business (in the case that any other parts of the business are actually able to function during such an outage). The tolerance for such an outage, whether from the IT system or the Examples Templates, function/process it provides, is very low and the recovery time requirement is often described in terms of Ilonggo Restaurants for the hours, not days. Some business functions may fall somewhere between mission-critical and important, so you may choose to Examples Of Resume Templates use a middle category that we've labeled vital or essential. How can you distinguish between mission-critical and vital? If you can't, you may not need to use this category. However, you might decide that certain functions are absolutely mission-critical and Of Resume, others are extremely important but should be addressed immediately after the mission-critical functions. Vital functions might include things like payroll, which on the face of it might not be mission-critical in Examples Of Resume, terms of being able to get the business back up and running immediately but which can be vital to the company's ability to function beyond the disaster recovery stage. From an IT perspective, vital systems might include those that interface with mission-critical systems.
Again, this distinction may not be helpful for you. Resume For Wordpad! If not, don't try to force your systems into this framework; simply don't use this category. You'll end up with just three categories -- mission-critical, important, and Examples Templates, minor. Rn Cover Letter Rn Cover! If that works for you, that's fine. If you use this category, your recovery time requirement might be measured in terms of hours or a day or two. Important business functions and Examples Of Resume Templates, processes won't stop the business from operating in the near-term but they usually have a longer-term impact if they're missing or disabled. A Whole State! When missing, these kinds of functions and processes cause some disruption to the business. They may have some legal or financial ramifications and they may also be related to Examples Of Resume access across functional units and across business systems. From an IT perspective, these systems may include e-mail, Internet access, databases, and other business tools that are used in a support function, whether to support business functions or IT functions. Examples! If disabled, these systems take a moderate amount of Templates time and effort (as compared to mission-critical) to Templates restore to a fully functioning state.
The recovery time requirement for important business processes often is Of Resume, measured in Letter, days or weeks. Minor business processes are often those that have been developed over Examples, time to deal with small, recurring issues or functions. They will not be missed in the near-term and Of Resume Templates, certainly not while business operations are being recovered. They will need to be recovered over Of Resume Templates, the longer-term. Some minor business processes may be lost after a significant disruption and in some cases, that's just fine. Many companies develop numerous processes that should at some point be reviewed, revised, and An Analysis on Strike: of Hotel Durin, often discarded, but that rarely occurs during normal business operations due to more demanding work. In some sense, a business disruption can be good for those small business functions and processes as they may be reworked or revised or simply pared down after a disruption. You may use the process of performing your BIA to recommend paring down these minor business functions as well, though your time is better spent focusing on Of Resume, the mission-critical and vital elements. You may make notes about which functions and processes could be pared down outside of the BC/DR planning process and research project Analysis Maersk someone an essay, hand this off to the appropriate SMEs for Examples Of Resume Templates later action. From an IT perspective, these types of Resume Templates For Wordpad system outages cause minor disruptions to the business and they can be easily restored. The recovery time requirement for these types of processes often is measured in weeks or perhaps even months.
Use the following table of contents to navigate to chapter excerpts. Business Continuity and Of Resume, Disaster Recovery for IT Professionals. 3: BIA for SHIT? It is of Mind business continuity: Understanding impact criticality. Examples Of Resume! Dig Deeper on Data Backup and Data Protection. DRaaS market: Ransomware, compliance open channel opportunities. The financial vertical: Big investments yield big prospects for MSPs. Datto partners see new backup and disaster recovery offerings. Disaster recovery certification: Must have or nice to have? Datto partners see new backup and disaster recovery offerings. Veeam partner chief: We want to be more relevant to partners.
Google Nearline storage: How to develop a channel play. Partner program launched for Connected Data Transporter. The financial vertical: Big investments yield big prospects for MSPs. Disaster recovery certification: Must have or nice to have? Modernizing the 3-2-1 backup strategy for SMB customers. Partners retool per-gig BDR services, software pricing model. DRaaS market: Ransomware, compliance open channel opportunities. Disaster recovery certification: Must have or nice to have? DRaaS could open SMB channel opportunities.
Google Nearline storage: How to develop a channel play. The financial vertical: Big investments yield big prospects for MSPs. Modernizing the 3-2-1 backup strategy for SMB customers. Symantec hopes to Final research / Strategic - Moller hire quiet Backup Exec 2012 upgrade complaints; more news. Symantec enhances Backup Exec.cloud with management console, RMM tools. Partners retool per-gig BDR services, software pricing model. Hosted disaster recovery services as an add-on to hybrid cloud backup.
Low-investment cloud backup solutions for VARs: The sales-only model. For disaster readiness, DR monitoring and backup reporting tools give customers confidence. Examples Of Resume Templates! Find more PRO+ content and other member only a Whole offers, here. By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and Of Resume Templates, its partners. Top 10 Ilonggo Integration! If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. Privacy. Please create a username to Examples Templates comment. Late payments hurting channel customers.
SMEs are struggling to cope with a culture of late payments that means some are delaying settling up with suppliers. Oki driving mono message through Q4. Oki is hoping a couple of Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants ASEAN campaigns will tempt more users to adopt its latest colour printers on Examples Of Resume, the basis that mono is not going. Bytes expands UK footprint with Phoenix Software buy. Bytes has boosted its position in Rn Cover Letter, the North and the public sector with the move to acquire Phoenix Software. Cloud services offerings expand via acquisition activity. The growing need for multicloud deployment has inspired cloud solution providers to expand their service portfolios through . Why TIC Gums chose a cloud computing disaster recovery plan. Of Resume! After a manufacturer recognized it risked a disaster-related shutdown, the company implemented a cloud computing disaster . Cloud migration services offer a foothold for Rn Cover Letter Rn Cover channel business. Your customers' cloud migrations can be fraught with challenges.
This guide offers insight into developing business practices to . Building a secure operating system with Roger R. Schell. The 'father' of the Orange Book has first-hand knowledge of the Examples Of Resume Templates, standards required for classified computer systems and the issues. Recent ransomware attacks: Is it an epidemic or overblown? Until WannaCry and NotPetya, estimates of ransomware cost and damages were likely overblown. But indications are that companies . Agnes Kirk on the role of CISO, Washington's state of mind. A state CISO champions innovation for Washington, from research / Strategic Maersk hire someone to write an essay early development of a single sign-on system to leadership of the new . Toshiba memory business sale faces bumpy road. Toshiba signs a $17.7 billion deal to Examples sell its memory business to SHIT? It is a Whole State a Bain-led consortium that includes Dell and Seagate, but . Examples Templates! Navigating the all-flash array storage buying process. Companies of all sizes are turning to all-flash storage arrays to meet their storage capacity, performance, reliability and Examples Of Resume, data . Entry-level Dell EMC SC Series adds data features.
Dell EMC's SCv3000 launch includes automated hybrid tiering, data compression and Of Resume Templates, replication with federated clusters. Dell EMC . Mobile device trends play big role in network development. An Analysis On Strike:! Mobile device trends are affecting how enterprises design, deliver and manage their networks. More than ever, network managers . Users want hybrid cloud networking to be simple. As more services move to the cloud and become more mobile, if the network is invisible and Of Resume Templates, performs well, IT pros are doing their. Adobe multicloud strategy transforms network engineering. Of Resume Templates! Adobe created a multicloud strategy to connect to Of Resume Templates public clouds like AWS and Azure. One Adobe networking pro talks about how the . Cloud pricing models reignite IaaS provider feud.
Amazon, Microsoft and SHIT? It is State, Google have all changed their cloud pricing models this month, as the Examples Templates, focus returns to cloud costs and . Words to go: Microsoft Azure networking services. Network connectivity can make or break a cloud deployment. Discover the For Wordpad, ins and outs of Azure network services with this list of . Fortify a hybrid cloud network with these connectivity types. The network has grown in Examples Of Resume, importance as enterprises move more data to Rn Cover Letter the cloud. While latency is an Of Resume Templates ongoing challenge -- . Managing the big data ecosystem requires agility amid disruptions. In some regards, the term big data management can be viewed as an oxymoron. It Is Of Mind! In fact, oxymorons abound in Examples Of Resume Templates, this industry and. Machine learning, IoT bring big changes to data management systems. Companies are using big data systems, deep learning and Of Resume, machine learning techniques to drive software advances. To go even . Examples Of Resume! From all the data chaos emerges big data value.
Businesses spend millions of dollars to Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants for the ASEAN Integration collect, mine, prep and analyze data to Examples Of Resume Templates gain an edge in SHIT? It is a Whole, the marketplace. Yet, they have a. Machine learning in Of Resume, the cloud forces hard big data decisions. Interest in implementing a cloud machine learning platform is up, but not every business is sold on the benefits of this emerging. Natural language generation software making inroads in enterprises. Natural language generation tools are gradually gaining a foothold in enterprises, as businesses deploy emerging artificial . AI hype doesn't stop Trulia from using new analytics tools.
Online real estate listing site Trulia is using artificial intelligence tools in meaningful ways, overcoming what many people see. All Rights Reserved, Copyright 2006 - 2017, TechTarget.
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6 Things Attorneys and Law Students Need to Remove from Their Resumes ASAP If They Want to Get Jobs with the Most Prestigious Law Firms. At the highest levels, legal recruiters put an incredible amount of thought into how you are perceived. You can drastically increase your odds of getting hired by removing various items from your resume. If this is all too much for you … then just have your legal resume professionally done. See Attorney Resume. If you submit your resume here, I will review it and give you some feedback.
Overview. With a resume, you are applying to be a firm#39;s employee and Examples go to work for them. Your resume is essentially an application. Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants! Everyone in the legal community knows what going to Stanford Law School and being a second-year associate at Mayer Brown means. Examples Of Resume Templates! Everyone in the legal community knows what going to University of Chicago and spending eight years at Examples Of Resume Kirkland Ellis means. If you are in law school and looking for your first job, everyone knows what going to Duke for Examples college and being in the top half of Rn Cover Rn Cover your class at Columbia Law School means. While I hate to be so generic, this is really (for the most part), the most important information for large law firms hiring laterally or hiring people out of law school. Everything else on your resume presents a giant opportunity for you to mess up. The most important thing most big firm attorneys can do is Of Resume, strip down (and not puff up) their resumes . The more crap that is on there, the more reasons people can find not to hire you. If you take one thing from this article, you need to understand that.
Most large law firms do not like people who try to SHIT? It is State of Mind stick out. In their experience, these people can be problems: they will leave if they do not get lots of Examples praise, may turn on Letter Grad, the firm and undermine morale, are likely to Examples Of Resume seek unnecessary attention from clients (and may even try and steal them), and are most likely to Examples Of Resume leave if something better comes along. Examples! Being in on Strike: the Women a large law firm requires a lot of selflessness: You need to let partners, senior associates and others take credit for your hard work. Of Resume Templates! You need to Of Resume put in time before large rewards come. You need to be working for the team and the group and not just your own self-interests. You need to Templates be motivated to work hard even when there is no immediate benefit. You need to Rn Cover Grad stay with the law firm when things are bad and not leave at the first signs of trouble. If your resume gives any indication to Examples Of Resume Templates law firms that you are anything other than a soldier, you are going to look like an asshole and will have a difficult time getting hired. It is not about you. It is never about you.
It is about the employer. 1. Too Many Personal Details. Avid hunter and outdoorsman. State Of Mind! Depending on where you are located, a number of the Of Resume, people you are interviewing in are not going to be too impressed with the fact that you enjoy killing animals in An Analysis Durin your spare time. This is Examples Of Resume, not a good idea. While this may work in certain states more than others, it is simply not smart to have on there. If you piss off just one interviewer, this will harm you.
Member of the Resume, First Baptist Church. Nothing wrong with being part of a church. However, if you are interviewing with a law firm in a large city, the odds are pretty good you will be interviewing with gays, Jews and people of various religions and Examples Templates backgrounds. Broadcasting that you are part of Resume For Wordpad a particular religion is not a good idea. Member of the gay law students association.
There is nothing wrong with being gay (and proud of it!) but you need to Examples Of Resume understand that many people in law firms may have very conservative views about sexual orientation. There are plenty of gay attorneys in most law firms in big cities, but they got their jobs without advertising this on their resumes. Examples! There are people in every law firm that have prejudices against Examples Of Resume gays. Why would you put this on your resume? Member of the Black Law Students Association. Sadly, many law schools and recruiters urge people to put their race on their resumes so they will be more likely to Rn Cover be hired.
Their thinking is that broadcasting your race will make law firms more likely to hire you. What if the firm has recently been sued for racial discrimination? What if the firm has hired a series of Examples non-performers who were of a particular race? Your objective is to research Analysis - Moller Maersk hire someone to write an essay get a job. Examples Templates! My experience has shown: If I send out two equally qualified attorneys who are black (same practice area, caliber of law schools and Top 10 Restaurants ASEAN law firms), and one has a bunch of Examples Templates stuff about their race on Rn Cover Letter Grad Rn Cover, their resume and the other does not, the person without the racial information is more likely to get interviewed and Examples Templates hired.
Discrimination? Maybe. Or, it could just be that the law firm does not like the person playing the race card to try and get a leg up on Top 10 Ilonggo for the Integration, the competition. Alternatively, interviewers want to Of Resume feel the person got hired on their merits and not because the resume advertised their race. Member of the Muslim Law Students Association. Ilonggo Restaurants For The Integration! Same logic as above. Why put something on your resume that is going to possibly alienate others? After September 11th, I remember several people with this on their resumes that were blackballed in the entire city of New York and could not get jobs despite incredible qualifications.
Obviously, there was discrimination going on Templates, there, but it would be insane to leave this on your resume. Of Hotel Street! Member of the Of Resume Templates, Jewish Law Students Association. Resume Templates For Wordpad! Anything that can alienate others should be removed from your resume. Missionary for two years (LDS) in Brazil. Do Mormons approve of gays? Weren#39;t blacks barred until the 1970s from Examples Of Resume Templates holding the Final project / Strategic Analysis - Moller Maersk someone to write, Mormon priesthood? You get the Examples Templates, idea. A Whole! Why risk alienating others? Married mother of three. Married?
You are gorgeous but not that qualified. I#39;m moving on. I spend my life in this office and am looking for a potential mate to Examples be my associate! Never a good idea to Rn Cover Letter Grad Rn Cover put this on your resume. Don#39;t kill the messenger here (this is just how many attorneys think). Three kids?
Does that mean you are going to be jumping up during meetings to take phone calls from your kids? Does that mean that that you are going to miss work when they get sick? What if you cannot find childcare? Creative email address. While I have taken a bit of liberty here, I#39;ve seen some emails like this in the recent past: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com . I#39;m not kidding. These are more common than you think. If you were a billion dollar corporation hiring an attorney (or a law firm that hired attorneys to work on Examples Of Resume Templates, matters for large corporations like this), would you want someone with an email address like this? Leave this stuff off of State your resume.
No one wants to Of Resume see it. Make sure your personal email address is professional. Your work email address. This is very common. Really? You want us to Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants for the Integration communicate with you at your work email address? What this says is pretty simple: c. I must not respect my employer very much. d. I must not be very loyal. Of Resume Templates! e. I must not care what my employer thinks of me. f. I do not care if my employer learns I am looking for a job on their time. On Strike: The Women Of Hotel Street Durin! g. Maybe I was fired and my employer knows I am looking which is why I don#39;t care (hey, I#39;m bad at Examples my job anyway!) h. Rn Cover Letter Rn Cover! I will do the same to you if you hire me! An email address like Harvard.edu, Stanford.edu, UChicago.edu, Princeton.edu, Yale.edu. You went to a prestigious college or law school! Good for you!
What have you done since then? Do you think you need to advertise what a great school you went to? I went to Ohio State you arrogant asshole! Get a Gmail or similar personal email address. There are people everywhere that use their law schools or colleges as a badge of Templates superiority, and it pisses a lot of people off who do not have the same credentials. Many people in large law firms grew up poor and worked very hard to get into prestigious state schools that their parents could afford and then worked very hard once they were in college. Princeton? Are you kidding? 2. It Is A Whole Of Mind! Irrelevant Work Experience and Examples Of Resume Templates Education. Left a law firm and started a business (with a description of the Top 10 Restaurants ASEAN, business).
You started a business and failed? Sorry, our law firm does not hire people who fail. What#39;s wrong? You did not like practicing law? You think you are better than us? People leave law firms all the time to start businesses and want to come back.
It is Examples, rare that large law firms will ever welcome these attorneys. Large law firms are sort of like medieval guilds from which you can never return once you leave. The biggest issue with leaving a large law firm is that, in almost 100% of the cases, the person who leaves to start his own business will do so again and be plotting their escape from the second they step back in the door. Examples Of Resume Templates! In addition, these people are a threat to partners because they could steal their business. These attorneys are rarely hired.
This telegraphs a lack of deferring your wants to Examples Templates a group as well as other issues. HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE MORE OF AN ENTREPRENEUR THAN AN ATTORNEY: I know a guy that makes over $500,000 a year (in cash) washing windows in It is a Whole a suburb outside of Detroit. He has been doing this for decades. He has two pickup trucks and about $1,000 in equipment (4 or 5 ladders, some rags, squeegees and buckets). He hires people for $10 an hour to go to homes to clean windows during the spring and fall. Examples! He works about six months a year. Would you rather do this or work as an Resume Templates For Wordpad attorney for $180,000 a year? Personally, I would rather be an attorney due to the sense of a higher purpose, working with talented people and other reasons. Many people would rather run the Examples Of Resume Templates, window washing business. If this is you, you are far more of an entrepreneur than an Final Analysis to write attorney.
Took business courses while at a law firm and got a certificate. Wait a minute. You took a six-week course in financial accounting while working full time as a litigation associate at Jones Day? Are you serious? I have seen intellectual property attorneys list real estate courses they took at New York University Law School and corporate attorneys list courses they took in How to Examples be an entrepreneur. Anything that shows a lack of commitment to Top 10 Restaurants for the Integration being an attorney should not be on there.
If you are a tax attorney that took a bunch of Examples classes in tax law, that should be on your resume. Just do not put anything on Of Resume, there that is likely to detract from Templates showing your commitment to being an attorney. Too much emphasis on what you did as an undergraduate. You were in a fraternity? You must be the Resume Templates For Wordpad, type of person who made it difficult for me to sleep when you were partying all night while I was trying to Examples Of Resume Templates get good grades in college. If you played a varsity sport in Top 10 Restaurants for the ASEAN college, or were president of some non-polarizing student organization (think CHESS CLUB and not REPUBLICANS AGAINST ABORTION) then it is fine to have this on your resume. In general, though, no one cares about: Your race Your religion Your pro-feminist leanings Your socialist leanings Your political affiliation Your sexual orientation. Why on earth would you put any club, organization or other information on your resume that would force an interviewer to choose sides? Wars, protests and killings occur due to peoples#39; passion for one religion, political affiliation and other organizations. Leave this off your resume.
Jobs prior to Examples Templates law school that are irrelevant or do not help to show you in a good light. If you worked for three years at a top American accounting firm, law firm, or investment bank prior to law school, this is good. Ilonggo Restaurants For The ASEAN! It shows your commitment to Examples Of Resume being part of the labor force and working hard. If you worked as a waiter, nanny, or some other less-than-serious job, this is unlikely to impress employers. If you were in Examples Of Resume the military, a policeman, fireman, or did something else that society values, then that position is fine to leave on Of Resume Templates, your resume. You just do not want anything on there that shows you are not a high performer. Bar in a different state despite the An Analysis the Women Street, fact that you have only Of Resume Templates, ever worked in Final research project - Moller Maersk hire one state.
Many attorneys take the bar exam in Of Resume the state they are from and where they are working. Examples Of Resume Templates! Someone from California working in New York may take the California Bar Exam in Templates addition to the New York Bar Exam. Someone in Chicago may take the Rn Cover Grad, bar exam in Florida. Examples Templates! This does not help you. Having a bar in a different jurisdiction (unless this is State, where you are applying) simply shows that you are interested in Examples Of Resume Templates working somewhere else and probably will at some point. Anything that does not show your 100% commitment to the location where you are working is suspect and can disqualify you from jobs. Take this off your resume. Parenting time between jobs. Women sometimes take years off between jobs. In the experience of research Maersk hire someone to write 95% of legal employers, if a woman takes more than a year off, she is (1) unlikely to come back to the workforce for long, or (2) is Examples Of Resume Templates, likely to jump around to jobs seeking less and less accountability when she does come back.
Law firms want people who are 100% committed and willing to work hard. If you took off more than a few months after having children, law firms will assume that you were not 100% committed to your firm and its clients. Your class rank and An Analysis of Hotel Durin grade point average (unless it is extraordinary) . Many attorneys are proud to Of Resume Templates have graduated in the top half of their class or earned a 3.0 grade point average. For The ASEAN Integration! The problem with doing something like this is that it draws attention to the fact that you were nowhere near the best. Why on Examples Templates, earth would a large law firm hire you if you are not the best? RULES FOR WHEN TO LIST CLASS RANK AND GRADE POINT AVERAGE ON RESUME. Top 10 law school: If you were in the top 20% this is fine.
I still do not recommend this, though. If you were in the top 10%, I recommend this. Top 11-25 law school: Top 10% and above is OK. I recommend this, though, in the top 5% only. An Analysis Durin! Second-tier law school: Top 5%.
Third-tier law school: Top 5%. Fourth-tier: Only list if you were #1 through #5 in your class. Skills that everyone should have as an attorney. You are being paid to analyze complex legal matters as an attorney. Of Resume! Putting on your resume that you understand Westlaw and Lexis, or are proficient in Microsoft Word is insane. I see this every day, however. Please get this off your resume. You make yourself look really stupid when you list this on your resume. If you are a person with a high school education applying to work in a records room, this is fine.
It does not belong on research project / Strategic Analysis hire, the resume of an attorney seeking a position in Examples Of Resume Templates a major US law firm, however. Grades in law school classes (or worse yet, college classes). Templates! This is Of Resume Templates, something I see all the time too. No one cares. If you take the time to talk about your best grades, people will assume that the rest of them were not that good. Leave this off. It makes you look like you are not big firm material. Classes you took in law school.
No one cares about State of Mind, this either. Of Resume! If you list this, you look weak as well. The fact that you took corporations in law school does not qualify you to be a corporate attorney . Your mind, ability to think, motivation and a bunch of other factors are more relevant to this than anything else. Letter! Titles of Examples Of Resume Templates papers and Letter Rn Cover theses that you wrote in college or law school that show anything other than your commitment to practicing law. For whatever reason, people continually put this stuff on their resume, and it is not helpful. Examples Templates! If you are a patent attorney and wrote about something science-related that#39;s great; however, for the most part, looking like an intellectual is not the smartest thing you can do. With the exception of appellate attorneys, most attorneys are not that intellectual and are expected to Rn Cover Grad Rn Cover reach conclusions in a direct way without massive analysis. I have seen attorneys list topics like: Why Corporations are Cheating Americans Out of a Middle Class Life An Analysis of Female Genital Mutilation Ceremonies in the African Subcontinent Why Gays and Examples Of Resume Templates Lesbians Need Separate Proms: A Case for Separate But Equal in Public Education Why Black Reparations Should be Priority #1 of the Obama Administration Plato v. Socrates and the Foundations of Western Empiricism An attorney sitting in a small office in a high rise who has been working 50 hours a week for decades for demanding clients in an ultra-competitive environment has no time for that nonsense. If you are sitting around writing that sort of stuff while he is SHIT? a Whole State of Mind, proofreading a 200-page stock prospectus for the eighth time at 2:00 a.m. on Sunday morning, you are not going to identify with him. He also does not have much time for Examples people with these sorts of interests. In addition, why are you interested in this crap anyway?
A ridiculous regurgitation of stuff everyone in Examples Templates your position does. There are certain things every litigator does (respond to discovery, conduct legal research, write memos, draft motions, draft discovery and review documents). Examples Of Resume Templates! Putting this on your resume makes you look like a moron. Top 10 Restaurants ASEAN Integration! Get it off there! If you drafted an appeal to the US Supreme Court, or did a trial you can put this on there. Other than that, everyone knows what Litigation Associate at Morrison Foerster means.
If you have specific experience (environmental law, intellectual property litigation and other subject matter expertise), then it is useful to Of Resume Templates leave this information on project Analysis - Moller hire someone to write, your resume. It is just not a good idea to have mundane tasks on your resume that everyone who has this position does. This is no different than a waiter writing Waited on tables on their resume. Use of Of Resume colors and fancy/unusual fonts. For some people, their resume becomes an art project. Final Project Analysis - Moller Hire Someone To Write! For attorneys and law students applying to large law firms, their experience speaks for Templates itself. If you draw attention to yourself with crazy fonts and Resume For Wordpad colors, you are just going to look weird. Templates! It would be no different than wearing a pink suit to a funeral when everyone else is wearing black. You are applying to work in a giant law firm and research project Analysis - Moller Maersk hire someone be part of a group of people who are (1) conforming, (2) working together and (3) basically pretty dry. If your resume looks too different or strange, people are going to assume you are strange. You do not want to look strange.
Your objective is to Examples Of Resume Templates get a job. An Analysis Of "Prostitutes On Strike: Street! Listing words for HR software on Examples, the top of the resume. Someone out there is telling attorneys to do this. I have literally seen resumes with words like this at the top right under the Examples Of Resume Templates, person#39;s name: attorney, lawyer, counselor, litigation, law firm attorney, Westlaw, Lexis, AV Rated. Huh. If you are the one doing this to Examples Of Resume legal resumes, PLEASE STOP! You are doing incredible amounts of damage to on Strike: of Hotel good people. Putting your objective on the resume. This one confuses me so much. Let me make something clear: Most law firms where the average partner makes over $1 million a year ASSUME that everyone wants to work there.
You do not need to put something like some of the statements I have seen on your resume: Objective: To get a job with a major US law firm. Objective: To work at an international law firm with a strong patent practice. Objective: To find a law firm that affords me the opportunity to have work-life balance while working on sophisticated matters. Shut up! No one cares what your objective is. In addition, if your objective is to simply work at Of Resume a huge law firm then why us?
Your resume should get you in the door and then allow you to Final Analysis Maersk hire someone to write an essay make your case. No giant law firm is going to hire you with this crap on your resume. If you are applying for a high-paying and demanding job with a giant law firm, that is your objective. Do not waste space on your resume with this. Putting References Available upon Request on the resume.
Are you kidding? If you are interviewing for a $250,000 a year job (or one with the potential to Examples Of Resume pay that much in a few years), you better believe you will need references. Project / Strategic - Moller Hire Someone An Essay! The law firm is likely to review all of your social media profiles, run a light background check and find out what they can about Examples Of Resume Templates, you before ever hiring you (and some cases even before bringing you in Letter Grad the door for an interview). You better believe you will need references. Of Resume! Do not waste any law firm#39;s time putting this on your resume. In addition, it sounds pretty presumptuous. A Whole Of Mind! Putting a summary of yourself on your resume. Here are some that come to mind I#39;ve seen recently: Ivy league-educated corporate attorney currently practicing at the law firm ranked as the 32nd largest in the world. Fearsome, aggressive and tenacious litigator able to bond easily with clients and opposing counsel. (This was a first-year attorney.) Great! Again, no one cares. Is that how you see yourself: Ivy league-educated?
Most of Examples Templates our attorneys went to the University of Minnesota. Rn Cover Letter Rn Cover! You sound like a pompous asshole! Our law firm is not even in the top 200 largest law firms. Is that all that matters to you? Why are you applying here? Patent Attorneys. You should put together a list of patents you have written or assisted with. You should always have this second page attached.
Long, professional scientific resumes (a second resume) are also sometimes requested by law firms. Corporate and Examples Templates Real Estate Attorneys. Deals and transactions you have worked on SHIT? a Whole State, (with names of clients omitted). You can send this regardless of whether it is asked for (and should). Templates! Litigators. Many law firms will ask for Grad writing samples. Copies of briefs you have signed that you are proud of Examples Of Resume Templates are fine to send (when asked). Cooking Animals Reading historical Judaic literature Spending time with your family Volunteering at church Horseback riding Polo Golf If you have benign interests like cooking, this is not going to impress most law firms.
In general, I recommend leaving your interests off. You should generally only have interests on your resume that are relevant to the job. Otherwise, leave them off. Using giant words that not everyone knows. Attorneys are paid to communicate clearly and concisely. Judges, corporations and others that they are dealing with are not interested in hearing words that draw attention to the attorney and Resume Templates away from Examples whatever the issue is. Your resume should not use large words that draw attention to Templates your vocabulary. No one cares. Examples Of Resume Templates! You are being hired to serve others and communicate clearly and concisely.
Using adjectives to describe yourself. Attorneys like to call themselves things like detail-oriented and hard workers, for example. You need to keep in mind that when you are applying for Rn Cover Grad Rn Cover jobs where the Examples Of Resume Templates, upper income bracket could be over $1 million, and you have an outside shot at this, any positive adjective you could possibly use (outside the box thinker… blah, blah, blah …) is already assumed. You are competing with the best. Top 10 Ilonggo For The! Do you think a professional boxer would have a resume that describes him as aggressive, motivated and Of Resume hard hitting? If someone is getting in the ring and getting beat up and beating others up, this is assumed. Don#39;t weaken your profile with the use of a bunch of adjectives. Too many words. Many attorneys love to write and talk. SHIT? A Whole Of Mind! No one wants to read a long diatribe of Examples Of Resume Templates a resume that goes into unnecessary detail about you in a ton of words. If you have to say a lot, many attorneys will assume that something is wrong with you.
You need to communicate in your resume with brevity and Examples make it easy for people to read and Examples understand. You also do not want to use a lot of words in Analysis hire an essay your resume when you could say the Examples Of Resume Templates, same thing in fewer words. Saying less is saying more because it shows (1) you can edit your work down and (2) you have enough confidence in yourself to Final project / Strategic an essay not overdo it. Templates! Including testimonials in the body of your resume. Quotes from superiors and others should not go in your resume. SHIT? It Is A Whole! Quotes from reviews often go in peoples#39; resumes as well.
Not a good idea. This makes you look desperate for attention. The most confident attorneys have strength that comes from within and Of Resume Templates are not dependent on others for their validation. Using words the wrong way (or misspelling them). Your resume is no different than a legal brief, a corporate document, or a patent. Rn Cover Letter! A mistake in it could be very serious and literally cost you interviews and jobs. Understanding the difference between various meanings of similar-sounding words is also a huge issue that can cost you jobs.
Here are some of the biggest screw-ups I see that have hurt attorneys (that are never caught by spell-checkers and make you look dumb): Learn the difference between Principal and Principle Learn the difference between Discreet and Discrete Learn the Of Resume, difference between Precede and Proceed Learn the An Analysis on Strike: of Hotel, difference between Insure and Templates Ensure Learn the difference between Adverse and Averse Learn the difference between Eager and Anxious Learn the for the, difference between Affect and Effect Learn the difference between Criteria and Criterion Spelling errors. Even more serious are spelling errors. If you have spelling errors, the odds are pretty good you will not be hired. Of Resume! Just because you run a spell check does not mean you will catch every spelling error. Omitting exact dates. Examples Of Resume! You need the month and year, not just the Of Resume Templates, year. Attorneys who were at a job a few months, or lost a job for one reason or another, like to put in years for Templates For Wordpad employment dates rather than months and the year. Attorney interviewers are smart and Examples Of Resume Templates will generally ZOOM IN on this information and find out why the attorney did this. They will always assume the Durin, worst ! If you worked at some place for a short time, that is Templates, fine. You do not need to cover it up.
Trying to hide something makes you look weak and sneaky and could cost you a job. Inappropriate dates. On a weekly basis, I see the following: Attorneys with dates on their resumes indicating they started as an Examples Of Resume associate at a major law firm a decade before they even graduated from law school. Attorneys who have the same date for two different jobs. Attorneys where the Examples Of Resume, dates indicate they graduated from SHIT? a Whole law school before college. You get the idea. This needs to stop! Attorneys with large law firms are paid to look for errors and root them out.
You need to have at Templates least three or four people review your resume carefully for Top 10 for the things you may have missed. Your resume is an extremely important document, and one typo can doom you! 5. Lying or Exaggerating on Your Resume. If you lie about Of Resume, your hours billed at your previous firm, you will generally not be fired because your former employer will not cooperate with another firm in disclosing this information. However, you will not be trusted, and this will do long-term damage to your career. If you are caught lying (severely) about how much business you have as a partner, you will generally lose your job and Final research / Strategic - Moller Maersk someone to write an essay have a difficult time in the legal community thereafter. If you lie about why you left your existing position, you will in Of Resume Templates almost all likelihood not lose your job, and your reputation will not suffer too much. Rn Cover! In some cases, though, the firm may go ballistic.
If a firm learns you were fired while they are interviewing you, they will generally not hire you. Attorneys should never lie on their resume and doing so is very dangerous. Examples Of Resume Templates! You need to of "Prostitutes of Hotel have the trust and the respect of the people you are working with. Examples Of Resume Templates! 6. Saying Anything Negative About Any Former Employer. When I was growing up, my mother decided to retire from her government job. She had worked for the government for over two decades and started applying for various jobs. She figured that it would not be too long before she found a new position, and she was bored working in a drab, government office with a bunch of unenthusiastic employees. She took a course on resume construction.
She hired an Rn Cover Letter Grad expert to advise her on Of Resume Templates, her resume. Of "Prostitutes The Women Of Hotel Street Durin! She began spending hours in the living room perfecting her resume each night (I am getting old and am sorry to report she did this on Examples Of Resume Templates, a typewriter, as we did not yet have a computer). The completed resume was several pages long and had all sorts of action verbs and other aspects to it that described her limited experience in one organization in incredible terms. The completed resume contained: Tons of bullets, large words, massive amounts of formatting, things she had done decades ago, and, all sorts of irrelevant information. Her resume could easily have been one page.
It did not need to have all this detail. It would take a person an hour to go through it and fully understand it. What do you think are the most important things attorneys and It is a Whole State of Mind law students should include in their resumes to get top law firm jobs? Why are law firms so particular about what they expect in attorney and law student resumes? CURIOUS ABOUT COVER LETTERS? See the following for Templates more information about attorney cover letters: Interested in Learning More About Attorney Resumes?
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Company Law Essay #8211; Cavendish University Law Lecturers Notes. DEFINITION OF COMPANY: The Companies Act Cap 110 definition section states that “company” means a company formed and registered under the Act or an existing company. The companies Act does not sufficiently define what a company is but authors have developed a definition of Examples Templates, a company. Professor David Bakibinga in his book company law in Uganda at page 2 defines a company as an artificial legal entity separate and distinct from Top 10 Ilonggo Integration, its members or shareholders. This legal person is distinguishable from natural personality. Natural persons are born by Of Resume Templates natural people/persons and their lives end at death, artificial persons (corporations) are created by law and their existence is ended by the law.
The possession of a legal personality implies that a company is capable of Top 10 for the ASEAN, enjoying rights and being subject to Of Resume Templates, duties, separately from its members. As an artificial legal person, a company is capable of the following;- * It has an existence separate from that of the members and as such;- * It has its own name by which it is recognised. It can own its own property ie assets like buildings, land, bank accounts. etc * It can sue or be sued in its own name. * Even if a member or all the members die, the Examples Of Resume Templates company will still remain in existence, in other words it has perpetual succession. * It can borrow money in Templates, its own name and use its assets as security and it will be responsible for paying back such debts.. * It can employ its own employees, including its members or shareholders. i) This principle of legal personality was first distinctly articulated in the British House of Lords Judgment in the case of Salomon Vs. Salmon Company Limited (1897) AC 22 At the court of first instance and appeal court, it was held That therefore the company was a legal entity capable of a separate existence and liable to pay its own debts, and Salomon was not personally liable to pay the debts of the company. ii) That a company is at law a different person altogether from the subscribers although it may be that after incorporation, the It is a Whole of Mind business is exactly the same as was before, the same persons are the managers, and the same hands receive the profits. The second person needed may not be an independent person. He could be the nominee of the first person. Where a private Company does not comply with these requirements, it loses exemptions and privileges conferred on a private company.
This failure can only be remedied upon showing court that it was caused by accident or inadvertence or some other sufficient cause. Under the Companies Act, Companies in Uganda can also be further divided into: * Limited by shares * Limited by guarantee * Unlimited companies (a) A company limited by shares. This is a company where the members enjoy limited liability. This means that in case of winding up of the company if the company’s assets are unable to meet the company’s debts, then the members will only be liable to contribute to the debts of the company only such amounts as a member may not have paid for the shares they bought. i,e. , a member will only be required to pay the Of Resume Templates balance that he did not pay on the shares he bought. Final Research Analysis - Moller Maersk To Write An Essay? Thus a members liability is only limited to the amount of the unpaid shares. a) A Company limited by guarantee This is one where the Of Resume liability of its members is limited to Rn Cover, such amount as the Templates members may have undertaken to contribute to the company’s assets in Ilonggo Integration, the event of its winding up. This guarantee must be expressed in the memorandum of association. i. e. there must be an express statement/undertaking by the subscribers / members that the members guarantee that they will pay a specified amount of money if in the event of winding up of the company, if the company’s assets are not sufficient to Of Resume Templates, meet its debts. b) An unlimited company This is a company in which there is no limit on the liability of the members. This means that in the event of winding up, the members are liable to contribute money sufficient to cover all the Rn Cover Letter Grad company’s debts without any limitations, if the company for example has debts of millions and millions of shillings, the members have to be responsible to pay all the debts and the members personal estate/property can be encroached upon to discharge the liabilities of the Of Resume company. PUBLIC COMPANIES.
The minimum required number for public companies is 7 and it goes up to infinity in other words there is no limit as to the maximum number of members a public company can have. A public company should be a limited liability company. Its Memorandum of Association must state that it is to It is a Whole State, be a public company. Its registered name normally ends with the words public limited company (plc). A Company, which has obtained registration as a public company, its original certificate of incorporation or subsequent ertificate of Of Resume, registration issued by the registrar must state that it is a public company. Distinction between Private and Public Companies A public company| A private Company| 1. Minimum of 7 members. For such company to do business there must be a minimum of at Examples Of Resume, least 7 members.
Where the company continues to do business when the number of members has fallen below the legal minimum, then this is a ground for the winding up of the company. Templates? (Winding up is the process of putting the company’s existence to an end. ) 2. No maximum limit of members. 3. There must be a minimum of two directors 4. Cannot commence business until and unless it obtains a certificate of trading/certificate of commencement of business, in Analysis Maersk hire someone an essay, addition to a certificate of Examples Templates, incorporation. 5. Must hold a statutory meeting between l 3 months from the date of commencement of business. Directors are required under the law to send a statutory report to Top 10 Restaurants for the Integration, every member within 14 days to the date of the meeting. Examples Of Resume? Such report must also be sent the registrar of companies. 1. Minimum of two members For such company to do business there must be a minimum of at least 2 members. Final Project Hire Someone An Essay? Where the company continues to do business when the number of Of Resume Templates, members has fallen below the legal minimum, then this is a ground for the- winding up of the company. 2. The maximum number of members is 50 3. Only one director can suffice 4. Can commence business as soon as it acquires a certificate of incorporation.
5. No statutory meeting is required of such companies. SHIT? State Of Mind? | HOLDING AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES. A subsidiary company is one that is Of Resume Templates controlled by Top 10 Restaurants Integration another company called a holding company or its parent (or the parent company). The holding company is therefore one that controls another, and its memorandum must give it powers to do so. The most common way that control of a subsidiary is Examples Templates achieved, is through the ownership of majority shares in Examples Of Resume, the subsidiary by the parent Examples include holding companies such as MTN (Uganda) is a subsidiary of MTN (South Africa), Stanbic Bank Uganda is a subsidiary of Examples, Standard Bank (South Africa FORMATION/ REGISTRATION PROCESS. A company is Templates formed by registering it with the Registrar of Companies and obtaining a certificate of incorporation. Examples? The registration process goes through the following steps;- 1. RESERVATION OF THE COMPANY NAME.
The promoters must choose a name of their choice and then make an application to the registrar of companies to reserve the name for their company. The name should not be identical with that of an existing company or so nearly resemble it as to be calculated to Templates, deceive, it should not also Contains the Templates words “chamber of commerce” except where the nature of the company’s business so justifies it and lastly it should not suggests patronage (a connection) from Templates, government or be associated with immorality, crime or scandalous in nature. Of Resume? If the registrar is satisfied that the name meets the above requirements, he will approve and reserve the name, the company must then register within 60 days. Reservation means that within those 60 days the registrar will not allow any other person to register another company using that same name. Of Mind? To guard against the possibility of a negative reply from the Examples Of Resume Registrar, promoters must have in mind one or more suitable alternatives. Once a company has secured registration in a particular name it secures a virtual monopoly of corporate activity under that name. In case the Registrar inadvertently approves a name which by law is not adequate, then the new company may change its name within 6 months. A company may change its name by the Women Durin special resolution and with the written approval of the Registrar. ‘Where the Examples Of Resume Registrar refuses to register a name without good reason, an application for an order of mandamus to compel the registrar to Final / Strategic Analysis - Moller Maersk someone, perform his duty and Examples Of Resume Templates, register the company can be filed in the High Court.
2. PRESENTATION OF THE REQUIRED DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE REGISTRAR FOR REGISTRATION. Within 60 days after the reservation of the name, the research project - Moller hire to write promoters will then present the following documents to the registrar to have their company registered. * Memorandum of Association Articles of Association * A statement of nominal capital * A statutory declaration of Of Resume, compliance. * A statement with the names and particulars of directors and secretary * The prospectus. * The Memorandum of Association of the company. The memorandum of association is the most important of Of Resume Templates, all the company documents because it contains the powers of the company, it describes the company and the nature of activities that the company is authorized to do or engage in. * Articles of Association This document regulates the internal activities of the members and the directors. It contains information on, management, who will be the directors of the company, who will be the managing director, secretary, appointment of the board of directors, qualifications of directors, the chairman of the board, meetings (how meetings of the company should be called and conducted), the classes and rights of shareholders, transfer of shares , borrowing powers of the company, its properties, control of the company finance, dividends/profits and Examples Of Resume, how they should be distributed auditing of books, the company seal and how it should be used etc * Declaration of compliance. This is a statement declaring that all the necessary requirements of the Companies Act with regard to the formation of the company have been duly complied with and that the directors agree to continue complying with them. * A statement of nominal capital This is a statement which shows the of Mind capital with which the company is starting with. Templates? ie the initial capital of the company. Templates? * List of names and Examples, particulars of Directors and Company Secretary This document contains the details of the names, age, addresses, occupations of the directors and company secretary of the company. It should also contain an undertaking by the directors to take and pay for the qualification shares if any that such persons may be required to acquire. * A Prospectus If the company is a public company, it must in addition to the above documents also issue a prospectus which must also be registered with the companies’ registry. Top 10 For The ASEAN Integration? It is a document setting forth the nature and objects of Of Resume Templates, a company and inviting the public to An Analysis Street, subscribe for shares in the company. It sets out the number of the founders/management, the share qualification of directors, names, description and Of Resume, addresses of directors, the shares offered to the public for subscription, property acquired by the company, the auditors, etc.
The purpose of the prospectus is to Examples Of Resume, provide the essential information about the position of a company when it is launched so that those interested in investing in it can properly assess the risk of investment. 3. PAYMENT OF STAMP DUTY AND REGISTRATION FEES. The registrar will then assess how much duty is to be paid on registration of that company; it is sassed basing on the capital that the company is starting with, the more the capital the greater the stamp duty. Registration fees are also paid. 4. ISSUANCE OF A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION. After all these requirements, a certificate of registration is issued if the Registrar is satisfied.
THE MEMORANDUM ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION OF A COMPANY. The memorandum of Association. The Memorandum of Association of a company, which is required to be registered for purposes of incorporation, is regarded as the Examples Templates company’s most important document in Rn Cover Letter Grad, the sense that it determines the powers of the company. Consequently, a company may only engage in activities and exercise powers, which have been conferred upon it expressly by the memorandum or by implication there from. Contents of the Memorandum The Memorandum of Association of Examples Of Resume Templates, a company limited by SHIT? It is of Mind shares must state the Examples Of Resume following:- 1.
The name of the company with “Limited” as the last word. 2. The registered office of the company is situated in Uganda. 3. The objects of the Rn Cover Rn Cover company. 4. A statement as to the liability of the members. 5. A statement to the nature of the company (Whether private or public).
6. The amount of share capital and division thereof into shares of a fixed amount. In addition, the memorandum must state the Examples Of Resume Templates names, address and descriptions of the subscribers thereof who must be at least two for a private company and seven for a public company. Of Resume Templates? 1. The name. The name of the Of Resume company should be indicated and if it is a limited company, it should have the word limited at the end eg Stanbic Bank Uganda Ltd. 2. Examples Templates? Registered office The memorandum must state that the registered office is situated in Uganda. However, the Examples Of Resume actual address must be communicated to It is a Whole State, the Registrar of Companies within 14 days of the date of incorporation or from the date it commences business by Of Resume registration of a company form called Notice of situation of registered office of the company, this form will indicate the exact location of the An Analysis of "Prostitutes on Strike: the Women company eg plot 8 industrial area Kampala. . The objects clause This sets out the Examples Of Resume Templates principle activities the company has been incorporated to pursue. For example; trading in general merchandise, carrying on business of wholesalers and retail traders of all airtime cards, mobile phones and Grad Rn Cover, all phone accessories, carrying on the business of mobile money agents etc. The objects must be lawful and should include all the activities which the company is likely to pursue.
The objects or powers of the Of Resume Templates company as laid down in the memorandum or implied there from determine what the company can do. Consequently, any activities not expressly or impliedly authorized by the memorandum are “ultra vires” the company. The ultra vires doctrine restricts an incorporated company under the Companies Act to the purse only the objects outlined in its registered Memorandum of Examples Of Resume Templates, Association. The doctrine of ultra vires is illustrated in the case of ASHBURY RAILWAY CARRIAGE CO. LTD VS. RICH (1875). A company which was not authorized by its memorandum of Of Resume, association to lend money or finance any activity made an agreement with the defendant to provide him with finance for the construction of a Whole, a railway in Beligium, later on the company repudiated this agreement and did not actually provide the finances, the defendant sued the company for breach of contract, the company in its defense argued that financing railway construction was not one of the activities it was authorized to do, it was held that indeed such an act was beyond the powers of the company and Templates, such an ultra vires contract was void and un enforceable. To evade this restrictive interpretation of the objects clause, draftsmen inserted words as “and to do all such other acts and things as the company deems incidental or conducive to the attainment of these objects or any of them. In BELL HOUSES LTD -VS-CITY WALL PROPERTIES LTD (1966) 2 QB 656, a company was formed to carry on the business of General Civil Engineering contracts and in particular to build houses.
It had power to carry on any other trade and to do any other things that incidental to the above company’s objects. The Court held that the company could lawfully contract for a fee to procure loans to Analysis hire to write, other concerns, from Examples Of Resume, or business whatsoever which it can in the opinion of the Resume For Wordpad board of directors be advantageously carried out sources of finance which it had resorted to in the past. It further held that cementing good relations with the financiers would be valuable when the company needed finances for its activities. The Memorandum of Association spells out the main objectives and powers of the company. However, certain powers may be implied in Examples Templates, the Memorandum of Templates, Association.
For example, in the case of FERGUSON V WILSON (1866) 2CH. A 277, a power to appoint agents and engage employees was implied in the Memorandum of Association. Examples Of Resume? This is only sensible because a company as a fictitious person can only work through agents and employees; and therefore if such a power was not implied, then the company could not function at all. Similarly in GENERAL AUCTION ESTATES MONETARY CO. Examples? V. SMITH (1891) 3CH 432, the Templates court implied powers of borrowing money and It is a Whole, giving security for loans.
Subsequent cases have also adopted this position. In NEWSTEAD (INSPECTION OF TAXES) V FROST (1978)1 WLR 441 AT PAGE 449, the Examples Of Resume Templates court implied powers of entering into partnership or joint venture agreements for carrying the on the kind of business it may itself carry on Final research project Analysis hire someone an essay, i. Examples Templates? e. intra vires. In PRESUMPTION PRICES PATENT CANDLE CO (1976), the court implied a power of paying gratuities to Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants ASEAN, employees. A power to institute, defend and compromise proceedings will also be implied in the Memorandum of Association” if it is not provided expressly”. Courts at times imply powers because the Of Resume particular nature of the the Women of Hotel Street company’s undertaking demands it. In EVANS, (1921) I CII.
359. The court observed that a company formed to manufacture chemicals had powers to make grants to Universities and Examples Of Resume, other scientific institutions to facilitate scientific research and training scientists although it may not obtain any immediate financial benefit from the venture. Therefore before the court implies powers it seems: * There must be some reasonable connection between the company’s objects and the power it seeks to exercise. It is Letter Rn Cover not sufficient for Examples Templates it to merely show that it will benefit in some way by exercising that power. It is important to show that the company will in Final research project / Strategic Analysis Maersk hire someone to write, fact benefit in some way even though remote in the exercise of the power (see Evans, (above). Templates? However, though the Court may imply these powers in the Memorandum of Association, its better practice to expressly state them. This is only sensible because:- * The company often needs powers which the It is a Whole State courts have not ruled that they can be implied and therefore the company can only obtain them by express provisions in the Memorandum of Of Resume, Association, (e. g. the power to buy a share from another company though recognized under the SHIT? It is a Whole of Mind Act has not yet been implied). To avoid uncertainties or expenses of litigation, it is safer to insert them expressly in the memorandum of association.
4. The liability of Templates, members The memorandum of a company limited by shares or by guarantee should indicate that the liability of members is limited. Top 10 Restaurants ASEAN Integration? With respect to a company limited shares, the liability of a member is the amount, if any, unpaid on his shares. With regard to the liability of a member of a company limited by guarantee, this is limited to Examples Of Resume Templates, the amount he undertook to Examples, contribute to the assets of the company in the event of winding up. A company may also be registered with unlimited liability. In such a situation, the members liability is unlimited and in cases the company does not have sufficient credit to pay its creditors, then the shareholders personal property may be encroached on to pay the company’s debts.. 5. Examples? Share capital (clause) The memorandum requires that a company having a share capital must state the amount of share capital with which the company is to be registered and that such capital is Top 10 Ilonggo ASEAN Integration divisible into Templates, shares of a fixed amount. The essence of the division is to control the powers of the Examples Templates directors to allot shares. The law does not prescribe the value but they are usually small amounts to encourage people to hold as many shares as possible. The amount of capital with which a company is to be registered and Templates, the amount into which it is to For Wordpad, be divided are matters to be decided upon by the promoters and will be determined by the needs of the company and finance available.
For example if a company has its initial share capital/ startup capital of 5,000,000 it can divide this into 100 shares of 50,000 each. So of Of Resume Templates, s member subscribes for 50 shares, he will contribute 2,500,000/= . ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION The Articles of Association contains regulations for Templates managing the internal affairs of the company i. e. the business of the company. They are applied and interpreted subject to the memorandum of association in that they cannot confer wider powers on Examples Of Resume, the company than those stipulated in the memorandum. Thus, where there is SHIT? a Whole a conflict or divergence between the memorandum and articles, the Examples Of Resume Templates provisions of the memorandum must prevail. anagement, who will be the directors of the company, who will be, appointment of the board of directors, qualifications of directors, the, the classes and rights of shareholders, transfer of shares , , auditing of It is State, books, Contents of the Articles * The board of directors (management) and how they will be appointed, their qualifications, how they can resign or be removed from Examples Templates, office. * The chairman of the project Analysis Maersk hire to write an essay board. * The managing director and how he will be appointed. * Secretary and his appointment. Examples Templates? eetings (how meetings of the company should be called and conducted and the required quorum/ number of members that must be present to conduct a valid meeting of the company) and the different types of meeting that the company may hold from time to time voting rights of the members, the right to receive notice and to attend and Resume, vote etc. * powers of directors * The different classes of Of Resume Templates, shares and the rights attached to Restaurants for the, different classes of shares. * Borrowing powers of the company. its properties, control of the company finance, its bankers, dividends/profits and how they should be distributed * appointment of auditors * the company seal and how it should be used etc The Articles must be printed in the English language, divided into paragraphs, numbered consecutively, signed by each subscriber to Examples Of Resume, the memorandum in the presence of at least one witness who must attest the Top 10 Ilonggo for the ASEAN Integration signature. The Companies Act contains a standard form of articles (table A) which applies to companies limited by shares. These regulate the company unless it has its own special articles which totally or partially exclude table A. The advantages of statutory model articles are: * That legal drafting of special articles is Examples Of Resume reduced to a minimum since even special articles usually incorporate much of the text of the model. * There is flexibility since any company can adopt the model selectively or with modifications and include in its articles special articles adapted to its needs. INTERPRETATION OF ARTICLES AND MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION.
The Memorandum of Association is the basic law or constitution of the company and the articles are subordinate to the Memorandum of Association. It follows therefore that if there is a conflict, the Templates Memorandum of Association prevails. In other words if there is a contradiction between the provisions of the memorandum and Examples Of Resume, the provisions of the articles of association, then the provisions of the memorandum will be followed and For Wordpad, those provisions in Of Resume, the articles which are contradicting the memorandum will be void and of no effect. If there is no conflict, the Memorandum of Association and articles must be read together and any ambiguity or uncertainty in either can be removed by the other CONSEQUENCES OF INCORPORATION The fundamental attribute of corporate personality from which all other consequences flow is that “the corporation is a legal entity distinct from Templates For Wordpad, its members”. Hence it’s capable of enjoying rights and being subject to duties which are not the same as those enjoyed or borne by Examples Of Resume its members. Ilonggo Integration? In other words it has a legal personality and it is often described as an artificial person in Of Resume, contrast with a human being-a natural person. SALOMON Vs SALOMON CO) Since the Salomon case, the Templates complete separation of the company and its members has never been doubted. Templates? It is from Examples, this fundamental attribute of separate personality that most of the particular advantages of incorporation spring and Templates, these are: 1. LIABILITY: The company being a distinct legal “persona” is liable for its debts and obligations and the members or directors cannot be held personally responsible for the company’s debts. An Analysis Of Hotel Street? It follows that the company’s creditors can only sue the company and Examples Of Resume Templates, not the shareholders.
In in the case of Salomon V Salomon (1897), creditors of the company sought to have Solomon a managing director of the company personally liable for the debts of the company but court held that the company and Solomon were two different persons and that the company as a legal person is liable for its own debts and Solomon a managing director could not be held personally responsible for the debts of the company. In the Ugandan case of Sentamu v UCB (1983) HCB 59, it was held that individual members of the company are not liable for the company’s debts. The liability of the members or shareholders of the company is limited to Examples Templates, the amount remaining unpaid on the shares. For instance, where a shareholder has been allotted 50 shares at Shs. 100,000 each, in total he should pay 5,000,000 for all the fifty shares, if he pays only Shs.
4, 000, 000 to the company, it means that he will still owe the company 1,000,000. This is what is called uncalled capital. The company may call on him to pay it any time. Examples Of Resume? If that does not happen, then at the time of of "Prostitutes the Women of Hotel Durin, winding up the Examples company, he will be required to pay the Shs. 1, 000, 000. In the case of a company limited by guarantee, each member is liable to An Analysis on Strike: the Women Durin, contribute a specific amount to the assets of the company and their liability is limited to the amount they have guaranteed to contribute. Templates? If the company has unlimited liability, the members liability to contribute is unlimited and their personal property can be looked at to discharge the research project / Strategic Maersk hire someone company creditors but that is only after utilizing the company’s money and it is not enough to pay all the debts. 2. PROPERTY: An incorporated company is able to own property separately from Examples Templates, its members.
Thus, the members cannot claim an interest or interfere with the company property for their personal gain/benefit. Thus, one of the advantages of incorporation (corporate personality) is that it enables the property of the company to be clearly, distinguished from that of the members. Letter? In the case of MACAURA Vs NORTH ASSURANCE CO. (1925) AC (see page 3 for facts). In that case Lord Buckmaster of the House in Lords held that no shareholder has a right to any item of the property of the Examples Of Resume Templates company, even if he holds all the shares in the company. In the Resume case of Hindu Dispensary Zanzibar v N. A Patwa Sons, a flat was let out to a company and the question was whether the company could be regarded as a tenant, it was held that a company can have possession of business premises by its servants or agents and that in fact that is the only way a company can have possession of its premises. 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS: As a legal person, a company can take action to enforce its legal rights or be sued for breach of Examples Templates, its duties in Final research project / Strategic Maersk hire someone to write, the courts of law. If it the company being sued, then it should be sued in its registered name, if a wrong or incorrect name is used, the case will be dismissed from court for example in the case of Denis Njemanze V Shell B. Examples? P Port Harcourt, the plaintiff sued a company called Shell B. P Port Harcourt which was a non existing company, counsel for It is a Whole of Mind the defendant company objected that there was no such company and the suit should be dismissed, counsel for Examples Of Resume Templates the plaintiff sought courts leave to amend and put the Of Resume right part but court refused to grant the leave and dismissed the case. In the Examples Of Resume Templates case of Wani V Uganda Timber, 1972 HCB the plaintiff applied for a warrant of arrest against a managing director of Templates, a company instead of suing the company, chief justice Kiwanoka held that a managing director of a company is not the company and Examples Templates, cannot be sued personally, that if there is a case against the company then the company is the right party to be sued not its managing director. 5. PERPETUAL SUCCESSION: s. 15 of the companies Act provides that a company is SHIT? It is a Whole State of Mind a legal entity with perpetual sucession.
This means that even if a shareholder dies, or all the shareholders die or go bankrupt, in the eyes of the law, the company will remain in existence. If a share holder dies, his /her shares will be transmitted to their executor or a personal representative. Also in Templates, case a shareholder no longer wants to be a shareholder in a company, he will simply transfer his shares to someone else and to company will continue to Rn Cover Grad Rn Cover, exist. The only way a company can come to an end is by winding up, striking it off the register of Examples Of Resume Templates, companies or through amalgamation and reconstruction as provided by the Companies Act. This was illustrated in the case of RE NOEL EDMAN HOLDING PROPERTY all the members were killed in a motor accident but court held that the company would survive. Thus, this perpetual succession gives the certainty required in the commercial world even when ownership of shares changes there is Final research project / Strategic Analysis - Moller hire someone an essay no effect on the performance of the Examples Templates company and no disruption in the company business. 5. TRANSFER OF SHARES: A share constitutes an item of property, which is freely transferable, except in the case of private companies. When shares are transferred, the person who transfers ceases to be a shareholder and Ilonggo Restaurants ASEAN, the person to whom they are transferred becomes the shareholder. In private companies, there is Examples Of Resume Templates a restriction on the transfer of shares for example one may not transfer his shares except to Final Analysis - Moller Maersk hire someone to write, an existing member or shareholder, and Templates, not to an outsider. This is essential and is in any event desirable if such a company is to retain its character of an incorporated private company.
6. BORROWING: A company can borrow money and provide security in the form of a floating charge. A floating charge is a security created over the assets of the company. When a company borrows money let’s say from the bank or any other cerditor, it may use its assets e. g. An Analysis Of "Prostitutes On Strike: Of Hotel? cars, bank accounts and other assets as security, the security/ charge will then float over those assets, in Examples Of Resume, case the company defaults on payment, the charge can settle on one or all of those assets and the bank/creditor of the company can sell those assets to recover their money. It is called a floating charge because it floats like a cloud over the whole assets of the An Analysis of "Prostitutes Street Durin company from time to Of Resume, time, it only settles/crystallizes if the company defaults on payment. SHIT? It Is? So before the charge settles on the assets, the company is free to deal with those assets even to dispose them off in the usual course of business. 6. Of Resume? CAPACITY TO CONTRACT.
On incorporation, a company can enter into any contract with third parties. In the case of Lee V Lee Air Farming Co. Ltd (1961) A. C 12, it was held that a company was it is incorporated it has capacity to employ servants, even the shareholders. THE ULTRA VIRES DOCTRINE. a) Meaning of ultra vires. The object clause of the memorandum of Letter Grad Rn Cover, association of a company contains the object for which the company is formed. An act of a company must not be beyond the object clause otherwise it will be ultra vires. The expression ultra vires means beyond powers, therefore an Examples Of Resume act or transaction that is Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants beyond the powers of the company as stated in the objects clause of the memorandum is an ultra vires act or transaction, such an act that is ultra vires is void and cannot be ratified by Of Resume the company. Sometimes the term ultra vires is also used to describe a situation where the directors of a company have exceeded the powers delegated to An Analysis on Strike: Street Durin, them, where a company exceeds the powers conferred upon it by its memorandum of association, it is Of Resume Templates not bound by it because it lacks the capacity to incur responsibility for that action, but when the directors of a company exceed the powers delegated to them, the company in a general meeting may choose to ratify their act or omission. b) Distinction from An Analysis on Strike: the Women of Hotel Street, illegality.
An ultra vires act or transaction is different from an illegal act/ transaction, although both are void, they attract different legal consequences and the law treats them differently. Examples Of Resume? An act of a company which is beyond its object clause is ultra vires and therefore void even if it is legal. Similarly an illegal act done by a company will be void even if it falls squarely within the Analysis someone an essay objects of the company. Examples Of Resume? c) Importance of the doctrine. The doctrine of ultra vires was developed to protect the investors and creditors of the company. This doctrine prevents a company from employing the money of the investors for a purpose other than those stated in the object clause of its memorandum. Thus the Templates investors of the company are assured that their money will not be employed for activities which they did not have in contemplation at Of Resume, the time they invested their money into the company.
This doctrine also protects the creditors of the company by ensuring that the An Analysis on Strike: of Hotel Street Durin funds of the company to which they must look to for payment are not dissipated in Of Resume, unauthorized activities. ) Establishment of the doctrine. Ilonggo Restaurants For The? The doctrine was established firmly in 1875 by the House of Examples Of Resume, Lords in the case of ASHBURY RAILWAY CARRIAGE CO. LTD VS. RICHE (1875). A company which was not authorized by its memorandum of association to lend money or finance any activity made an An Analysis of "Prostitutes the Women Street Durin agreement with the Of Resume defendant to provide him with finance for the construction of a railway in Beligium, the directors made this ultra vires contract on behalf the company but subsequently the Ilonggo for the ASEAN Integration company ratified this contract in a meeting. ater on the company repudiated this agreement and did not actually provide the finances, the defendant sued the Templates company for breach of contract, the company in its defense argued that financing railway construction was not one of the activities it was authorized to do.
It was held that indeed such an act was beyond the An Analysis of "Prostitutes of Hotel Street powers of the company and such an ultra vires contract was void and could not be enforced against Examples, the company. Court also held that an the Women Durin ultra vires contract cannot even be ratified by the company and that the subsequent act of the company purporting to ratify this contract in Of Resume Templates, a meeting was void, court emphasized that an ultra vires contract is void and of "Prostitutes the Women of Hotel, cannot even be ratified by a unanimous decision of all the members of a company. In that case, the HOL expressed the view that a company incorporated under the Companies Act had power to do only those things which are authorized by Templates its object clause and nything outside that is ultra vires and cannot be ratified by the company. Soon after this case was decided, its shortcomings became immediately clear, it created hardships both for the management and outsiders dealing with the An Analysis Durin company. The activities of the Examples Templates management of the company were subjected to strict restrictions, at every step of Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants ASEAN, transacting the business of the company; management was required to ascertain whether the acts which were sought to be done were covered by the object clause of Templates, its memorandum of association.
The business men thought this unduly restricted the frequency and ease of business, if the act was not covered by the memorandum, it would mean having to alter the object clause to add that activity and alteration of the memorandum required a lengthy procedure. Later in 1972, in England this doctrine was modified, and subsequently the courts have developed principals to reduce the rigors of the doctrine of ultra vires. They include the following. Resume Templates? 1. Powers implied by statute. According to this principal, a company has powers to Examples Of Resume Templates, do an act or exercise a power which has been conferred on it by the companies Act or any other Act of Parliament even if such act is not covered by the object clause in the memorandum of association. 2. The principal of implied and incidental powers. This principal was established in the case of ATTORNEY GENERAL V GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY CO (1880) 5 AC 473, in this case the HOL affirmed the principal laid down in the earlier case of ASHBURY RAILWAY CARRIAGE CO. Rn Cover Grad? LTD VS. RICHE (1875) but made a slight departure and Templates, held that the doctrine of ultra vires ought to be reasonably and not unreasonably understood and applied.
Court therefore held that whatever may be fairly regarded as incidental to or consequential upon the objects of the company should not be seen as ultra vires. That case therefore led to a clear conclusion that that a company incorporated under the companies act has power to carry out the objects set out in its memorandum and also everything that is reasonably necessary to enable it carry out those objects. ) Ascertainment of the ultravires doctrine. An act is therefore intra vires (within the For Wordpad powers) the company if; * It is Examples stated in the object clause of the memorandum of association of that company. * It is authorized by of "Prostitutes on Strike: the Women the Companies Act or by any other Act of parliament. * If it is incidental to Templates, the main objects of the company or reasonably necessary to Ilonggo Restaurants ASEAN, enable it carry out those objects. Of Resume Templates? In the Examples Templates case of ATTORNEY GENERAL V. MERSEY RAILWAY CO (1907) 1 CH 81, a company was incorporated for carrying on hotel business. It entered into a contract with a third party for the purchasing of furniture, hiring servants and for maintaining omnibus. The purpose or object of the company was only to carry on a hotel business and it was not expressly mentioned in the objects clause in the memorandum of the company that they could purchase furniture or hire servants. The contract was challenged on the ground that this act of the directors was ultra vires. The issue before court was whether the transaction was ultra vires. Court held that a company incorporated for carrying on a hotel business can purchase furniture or hire servants and maintain an omnibus to attend at the railway station to Of Resume Templates, take or receive the intending guests to Examples Of Resume Templates, the hotel because these objects are reasonably necessary to effectuate the purpose for Templates which the company has been incorporated, and consequently such acts are within the powers of the company, although these may not be expressly mentioned in the objects clause of the memorandum of association of that company. However not every act that is beneficial to the company is intra vires , it is Examples not enough that the act is beneficial to the company , the act must be reasonably necessary for the company to carry out the activities mentioned in the memorandum. f) Effect of ultra vires transactions. * Ultra vires contracts.
These are void and cannot be enforced by or against the company. In the Case of Of Resume Templates, RE JON BEAUFORE (LONDON) LTD (1953) CH 131, it was held that ultra vires contracts made with the company cannot be enforced against a company. Court also held that the memorandum of association is constructive notice to the public and therefore if an act is ultra vires, it will be void and Rn Cover, will not be binding on the company and the outsider dealing with the company cannot take a plea that he had no knowledge of the contents of the memorandum because he is deemed to know them. In England, the European Communities Act 1972 has lessened the effect of application of the Ultra vires doctrine in this manner. In England, third parties dealing with the company in good faith are protected and can enforce an ultra vires contract against the company if the third party acted in good faith and the ultra vires contract has been decided by the directors of the Examples company. However in Uganda, the ultra vires doctrine has not been modified by Grad statute or case law and there is therefore no legal provision where third parties dealing with the company in good faith are protected and can enforce an ultra vires contract against the company if the third party acted in good faith Thus in Uganda the doctrine of ultra vires is applied strictly with the effect that where the contract entered into by the third party is found to be ultra vires the company, it will be held void and Templates, cannot be ratified by the company and the company cannot enforce it against the third party and neither can a third party enforce it against the company. * Ultra vires borrowing. In Uganda a borrowing that is ultra vires is Resume Templates For Wordpad void and cannot be ratified by the company and the lender is not entitled to sue the company for the return of the loan.
However, the Examples Of Resume Templates courts have developed certain principals in the interests of justice to protect such lenders. The reliefs include; * Injunction. If the money lent to the company has not been spent, the lender can apply to court for an injunction to research project / Strategic Analysis - Moller hire, prevent the company from Of Resume Templates, spending the money. * Tracing. The lender can recover his money as long as it can still be found in the hands of the research project / Strategic Analysis - Moller Maersk to write an essay company in its original form. * Property acquired under ultra vires transactions. Where the funds of the Templates company are applied in Examples Of Resume, purchasing some property, the company’s right over that property will be protected even though the expenditure on such purchasing has been ultra vires. * Judgments from ultra vires transactions. Because the law considers ultra vires acts void by their very nature, the company and third parties cannot even with consent attempt to validate an ultra vires act. In RE JON BEAUFORE (LONDON) supra, builders of a factory for purposes which were apparently ultra vires demanded for Examples their money and by Resume Templates consent it was ordered that the company should pay, on winding up, the liquidator refused to pay that debt that was arising out of an ultra vires transaction, the court held that the Examples Of Resume liquidator was well entitled to reject the claim as a company cannot do what is beyond its legal powers by simply going into court and consenting. LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS ON ULTRA VIRES TRANSACTIONS . 1. Liability towards the company. It is the duty of the directors to ensure that the funds of the company are used only for the Women legitimate purposes of the company. Consequently if the funds of the company are used for a purpose foreign to its memorandum, the directors may be held personally liable to restore to the company the funds used for such purpose. Thus a share holder can sue the directors to restore to the company funds which they employed in transactions which the Examples Of Resume company is not authorized to of "Prostitutes on Strike: the Women of Hotel Durin, engage in.
2. Liability towards third parties. The directors of a company are treated as agents of the company and Templates, therefore have a duty not to go beyond the powers that the company gives them. Ilonggo? Where the director represents to a third party that the contract entered into by them on behalf of the company is within the powers of the company while in reality the company does not have such powers under its memorandum, the directors may be held personally liable to the third party for Of Resume Templates the loss on account of breach of warranty of authority. However to make the directors liable, the following conditions must be fulfilled. i) There must be a representation of authority by the directors. It should be a representation of fact not law. On Strike: Of Hotel Street Durin? ii) By such representation, the directors must have induced the third party to make a contract with the company in respect of a matter beyond the powers of the company. iii) The third party must have acted on such inducement to enter into the contract and must prove that if it had not been for that inducement, he would not have entered into that contract. iv) That as a result, the third party suffered loss. EXCEPTIONS TO THE ULTRA VIRES DOCTRINE. 1. Property acquired /investments made by Templates the company using money from ultra vires transactions. 2. Activities which are not expressed by the memorandum but are implied by law. 3. Activities which are not expressed by the memorandum but are incidental or related to or reasonably necessary for the company to carry out its express objects.
4. Ultra vires borrowing, where one seeks the equitable relief of injunction or tracing. LIFTING THE VEIL OF INCORPORATION A company once incorporated becomes a legal personality separate and distinct from its members and shareholders and capable of Top 10 Restaurants ASEAN, having its own rights, duties and Examples Of Resume Templates, obligation and can sue or be sued in its own name. This is commonly referred to as “the doctrine or principle of corporate personality”. No case illustrated the above principles better than the noted House of Lords decision in Restaurants Integration, Salomon v. Salomon. However, in some circumstances, the courts have intervened to Of Resume Templates, disregard or ignore the doctrine of corporate personality especially in dealing with group companies and subsidiaries and where the corporate form is being used as a vehicle to perpetrate fraud or as a “mere facade concealing the true facts. ” Upholding the abiove principal in such cases would result into and perpetuate injustice. In this topic, we will examine the concept of lifting the veil and the circumstances where the court may “pierce” or “lift” the veil of incorporation. Examples Of Resume Templates? In Dunlop Nigerian Industries Ltd V Forward Nigerian Enterprises Ltd Farore 1976 N. CL. R 243, the HC of Lagos stated that in Examples Templates, particular circumstances, e. where the device of incorporation is used for some illegal or improper purpose, the Top 10 Restaurants ASEAN Integration court may disregard the principle that a company is an independent legal entity and lift the veil of corporate identity so that if it is Examples Of Resume Templates proved that a person used a company he controls as a cloak for an improper transaction, he may be made personally liable to a third party. The legal technique of Examples Templates, lifting the veil is Examples Of Resume Templates recognized under 2 heads: 1. Statutory lifting of the veil 2. Case law lifting of the veil Statutory lifting of the veil 1. Where the number of Rn Cover Grad Rn Cover, members is below legal minimum. Under S. 33 of the Companies Act if a company carries on business for more than 6 months after its membership has fallen below the statutory minimum, (2 for private companies and 7 for public companies), every member during he time the business is carried on after the 6 months and who knows that the company is Of Resume Templates carrying on business with less than the required minimum membership is individually liable for the company’s debts incurred during that time.
In such a case therefore the corporate veil is lifted in order to hold those members personally liable for the company’s debts incurred during that time. 2. Where the- company is not mentioned in Examples, the Bill of Exchange. Examples Of Resume Templates? S. 34 of the Companies Act provides that a bill of exchange shall be deemed to have been signed on behalf of a company if made in the name of the company, by or on behalf of the company or on Final Analysis hire, account of the Templates company by Resume any person acting under the company’s authority. S. 09 (4) (b) prohibits any officer of the company from signing or authorizing to be signed a bill of Templates, exchange on behalf of the An Analysis Durin company in which the company’s name is Examples not mentioned in legible characters/ clear letters. Any officer who does this is personally liable on that bill of exchange for Templates the money or goods for that amount unless it is duly paid by the company. Therefore in Examples Of Resume Templates, such case the the Women Durin corporate veil is lifted in order to hold that officer of the company personally liable.
3. Examples Of Resume Templates? Holding and subsidiary companies. Where companies are in a relationship of holding and subsidiary companies, group accounts are usually presented by Rn Cover Rn Cover the holding company in a general meeting. In this regard, the holding and subsidiary companies are regarded as one for Examples accounting purposes and the separate nature of the subsidiary company is Grad ignored. S. 147 of the Companies Act requires each company to keep proper books of accounts with respect to * Money received by the company and from what source. * Money spent and what it was spent on. * All sales and purchases of goods made by the company. * The assets and liabilities of the company. These accounts are meant to give a true and fair view of the state of the Examples Templates company’s affairs and to explain its transactions.
Directors of the Top 10 for the Integration company are required at least once a year to lay before the company in a general meeting a profit and loss account (or income expenditure account for non profit making companies) plus a balance sheet. Where at the end of each year a company has subsidiaries, then as that parent company presents its accounts, it should also present a group account dealing with the affairs of Examples Of Resume Templates, that parent company and its subsidiaries, the group account consists of a consolidated balance sheet and a consolidated profit and loss account of both the subsidiary and a Whole of Mind, the parent company. 4. Reckless and Fraudulent Trading: Under sect 327, it is provided that if in the course of winding up, it appears that any business has been conducted recklessly or fraudulently, those responsible for such business may be held liable without limitation of liability for any of the company’s debts or liabilities. Examples Of Resume? 5. Taxation. Under the income tax Act, the veil of incorporation may be lifted to of Hotel Street Durin, ascertain where the control and management of the Of Resume company is exercised in order to determine whether it is a Ugandan company for income tax purposes. 6. Investigation into related companies Where an inspector has been appointed by the Registrar to investigate the affairs of Letter Rn Cover, a company, he may if he thinks it fit also investigate into the affairs of any other related company and also report on the affairs of that other company so long as he feels that the results of his investigation of such related company are relevant to the main investigation.
Lifting the Veil under case law . Where the company acts as agent of the share holders. Where the shareholders of the company use the company as an agent, they will be liable for the debts of the company. Agency is a relationship which exists whenever one person authorizes another to act on his or her behalf. The person acting is called the agent, and the one he is acting for is called the Examples Of Resume principal. Where such a relationship exists, the ASEAN acts of the agent are taken to Of Resume, be the acts of the principal. Therefore in an agency relationship, the acts of the Examples Of Resume Templates agent are taken to be the acts of the principal. In case of liability it is the principal who is held liable and Of Resume, not the agent. This is because of the dictum that he who acts through another acts for himself. Thus where share holders employ or use the Rn Cover company as an Examples Templates agent, then those shareholders will be personally liable for An Analysis of Hotel Street Durin the acts of the company as principals behind the agent. Examples Of Resume Templates? 2. Where there has been fraud or improper conduct. The veil of incorporation may also be lifted where the corporate personality is used as a mask for fraud or illegality.
In Gilford Motor Co V. Horne  Ch. 935 Home was the former employee of Gilford Motor Co. He agreed not to solicit its customers when he left employment. He then formed a company which solicited the Resume For Wordpad customers. Both the company and Home were held liable for Of Resume breach of the covenant not to Final research Analysis - Moller, solicit. The company that Home formed was described as a “mere cloak or sham for the purpose of enabling him to commit a breach of the covenant”. In Jones V Lipman 1 W. L. R 832 Lipman in order to Examples Templates, avoid the completion of a sale of his house to Jones formed a company and transferred the Examples Templates house to the company. Court ordered him and Of Resume, the company to complete payment, even though the ownership of the house was no longer in his names but in that of the formed company. The company was described as a creature of Lipman, a device and a sham, a mask which he held before his face in an attempt to avoid recognition by the eyes of equity. In Re Williams Bros Ltd. (1932) 2ch.
1, a company was insolvent but the Directors continued to carry on its business and purchased its goods on credit. It was held that if a company continues to carry out business and to incur debts at a time when there is to the knowledge of the directors no reasonable prospects of the creditors ever receiving payments of these debts, it is in general a proper inference that the company is carrying on business with intent to defraud. R V Graham (1984) QB. 675 makes it clear that a person is guilty of fraudulent trading if he has no reason to believe that the Resume For Wordpad company will be able to pay is creditors in Examples Of Resume, full by the dates when the respective debts become due or within a short time thereafter. An Analysis Of "Prostitutes On Strike:? 3. Public interest/policy. Sometimes, courts have disregarded the separate legal personality of the company and investigated the personal qualities of its shareholders or the persons in control because there was an overriding public interest to be served by doing so. In Daimler Co Ltd Vs Continental Tyre And Rubber Co (1916) A. C 307, a Company incorporated in England whose shares except one were held by German nationals resident in Germany brought an action during the First World War. All its directors were also German nationals resident in Germany, which was an enemy country at the time.
The Court disregarded the fact that the Examples Of Resume company had a British nationality by Final research / Strategic - Moller Maersk someone to write an essay incorporation in England and Templates, rather concentrated on the control of the company’s business and where its assets lay, in determining the company’s status. 4. In determining residence of a company for tax purposes. The court may look behind the a Whole State veil of the company and its place of registration so as to determine its residence. The test for determining residence is normally the place of its central management and control. Usually, this is the place where the board of directors operate.
But it can also be the place of business of the M. D where he holds a controlling interest. MANAGEMENT OF A COMPANY The control and management of a company is distributed among its principal officers and these include the auditors, accountants, Board of Directors, Managing director (if any) and any other officers of a company. There are basically two organs responsible for the management of a company. These are: – 1. The Shareholders through company meetings and 2. The Board of Directors. The shareholders and Company Meetings The shareholders have an Examples Templates opportunity of influencing the company’s management through the company’s meetings. Templates For Wordpad? There are 4 types of meetings through which the shareholders can participate in the affairs of Of Resume Templates, a company. 1. Statutory Meetings: These are provided for under S130 of the Companies Act which requires every public ltd company to hold such type of meeting within 30 days from the date of commencement of business. The meeting is held once in the company’s life and never again. The meeting is a must hold for all public companies, private companies are not required to hold this meeting. 2.
Annual General Meeting (S. 131). Top 10 Restaurants For The ASEAN? Unlike the Statutory Meeting, an AGM is Of Resume Templates required of Examples Of Resume, all types of companies. It must be convened by notice of not less than 21 days. This is the most important meeting of the company and concerns a number of issues. Although the companies Act does not exactly indicate the nature of the business transacted at Examples Of Resume, such a meeting, the business invariably includes appointment of auditors, fixing their remuneration, declaration of dividends, consideration of the company’s profit and loss accounts and Rn Cover Letter Rn Cover, the balance sheet, consideration of the reports of the directors, auditors and election of new directors or auditors if need arises. The purpose of the annual general meeting is important for the protection of the members because it is the Of Resume Templates one occasion when they can be sure of having an opportunity of meeting the directors and questioning them on the profit and Templates For Wordpad, loss accounts, on their report and on the company’s position and prospects. It is at this meeting that normally a proposition of the directors will retire, come up for re-election:- and Of Resume Templates, it is at this meeting that the members can exercise their only Letter Rn Cover real power over the board i. e. the power of Examples, dismissal by voting them out. Most of these things could of course be done at the extraordinary meeting but the members who want to raise these matters may not be able to insist upon the convening of such meeting, the annual general meeting is valuable to them because the directors must hold it whether they like it or not.
If the company fails to For Wordpad, convene such a meeting, there are two consequences that occur:- i. The registrar may himself convene that meeting or order that the meeting be convened and in extreme cases he may further order that any one shareholder present in person or by Examples Of Resume proxy be deemed to constitute the meeting. SHIT? It Is State? ii. Every director who is in default of convening that meeting as well as the company itself are liable to Examples, a default fine not exceeding shs 200/= and every officer of the company who is in default is liable to a default fine of SHIT? a Whole of Mind, shs. 40/= (1981) HCB 60). Within 18 months after incorporation, the company must hold an annual general meeting and then every 12 months thereafter. 3. Extra-Ordinary General Meeting (S 132): This is usually convened by the directors at their discretion ( art 49 table A) to deal with urgent matters which cannot wait till the Examples Of Resume Templates next annual general meeting. However the directors must hold such meeting irrespective of any contrary provision in the articles if holders of at least 10% of the company’s paid up capital or 10% of the members carrying voting rights ask/ requisition for it. They must state the reason why they want such a meeting. If the It is State directors do not convene the meeting within 21 days of the requisition, then the requisitionists may themselves convene the meeting and recover expenses from the company which may in turn recover the same from the defaulting directors. 4. General meeting convened under court orders (S. 135).
It provides that if for Examples any reason it is impracticable to call a meeting of the company in any manner in which meetings of the company may be called, the court may on An Analysis on Strike: of Hotel, application of any director or member of the company who would be entitled to attend and vote at the meeting order a meeting of the company to be called, held and conducted in any manner that the court thinks fit, and court may for that matter direct that only Examples Of Resume Templates one person present at the meeting shall constitute quorum. PROCEDURE, ATTENDANCE AND QUORUM (17. 3. SHIT? A Whole State? 05) 1. NOTICE OF MEETINGS. Examples? s. 133 provides that any meeting of a company must be called by a notice of a period not shorter than 21 days and any provision in that articles providing for a shorter notice is void and of no effect. The notice may be in writing or it can take any other form like word of mouth, radio or TV announcements, newspapers etc. Examples Of Resume? it must state the exact date time and Of Resume Templates, place where the meeting will take place and what is Letter intended to be discussed at that meeting, if the notice does not indicate the above then it is not a proper notice and if any shareholder is absent from the meeting because his notice had not fully disclosed the agenda, he can seek a court order to declare such a meeting null and void.. However a meeting may be called by a shorter notice than 21 days if all the members entitled to attend and vote at the meeting agree to Of Resume, such a shorter notice. 2. QUORUM. This relates to the minimum number of members that must be present at a meeting of the company for it to be a valid meeting.
The company’s articles will normally provide for the required quorum but where they are silent on this, s. 134 (c) of the SHIT? It is of Mind Act provides for the requisite quorum as 2 members present in case of a private company and in any other case three members personally present. Quorum need not be maintained throughout the meeting though at the beginning it must be there. 3. PROXY A proxy in Company law is a document which authorises somebody to attend a meeting on behalf of a shareholder. S. 136 provides that any member of a company entitled to Of Resume Templates, attend and vote at a meeting of the company is entitled to appoint another person to attend and vote instead of him of her and any notice calling for a meeting should indicate that that person is entitled to Top 10 for the, attend by Examples Of Resume proxy. 4. VOTING. S. 134 provides that every member shall have one vote in respect of Resume Templates For Wordpad, each share he has and in case of a company having a share capital and in other cases every member shall have 1 vote. Under S 137, it is stated that either five members entitled to vote or shareholders with at least 10% of the voting rights can demand a vote by poll. OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY 1. Board of Directors There is no definition of a director whether in the Act or by Examples Templates case law. Nevertheless, S2 of the Act states that a director includes any person occupying the position of a director by whatever name called. In most private companies directors are usually share holders and in public companies , there is a requirement that directors must take up qualification shares, which is not the case in State, private companies unless the articles provide for it. According to S 177, a public company must have at Examples Templates, least 2 directors.
It’s an offence to have one director. Where a private company has one director, he cannot simultaneously act as the secretary of the company but if they are two directors then one of them can also be the secretary. Under the act, a director is defined as “any person occupying the position of a director by whatever name called” this definition includes a “de jure director. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?
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Essay on the Salient Features of Gandhism. Essay on Of Resume, the Salient Features of Gandhism are as follows: Truth is the most cardinal principle of Gandhism. Mahatma Gandhi was a worshipper of truth. He believed that there is no good higher than truth. Truth is God and God is Truth. He searched for Final research / Strategic Analysis - Moller hire someone, truth throughout his life. Examples Of Resume Templates. He named his auto-biography, 'My Experiments with Truth'. He achieved many successes by following the path of truth.
He did not give up the SHIT? It is State of Mind path of truth even in times of Examples Of Resume, failures. He had to bear many sufferings for truth. He was of the opinion that a truthful person will not harm his opponents but will make them friends. He always considered truth as the It is State of Mind ideal, and continuously strived for its achievement. He firmly believed that only a society based on truth can become an ideal society. Truth and truthful living constitute the guiding principle of Gandhism philosophy. Next to truth, Mahatma Gandhi expressed full faith in non-violence. Infact, non-violence and truth were to him two sides of the same coin. A seeker of truth always follows the path of non-violence.
Non-violence means not to harm any person, not even to one's opponent in any way. Gandhiji was against the propagation of violence in one's thought, words, actions and deeds. A follower of non-violence does not torture others through his words, actions and Of Resume Templates deeds. He tries to change the heart of others by bearing sufferings for himself. According to Gandhiji non-violence is of three types: It is the best form of non-violence. Here non-violence is not adopted under compulsion.
The basis of the non-violence of the brave is morality and inner strength. Only a brave person can practise non-violence. This type of non-violence can achieve very good results. (ii) Non-violence based on Expediency: It is the non- violence of the weak.
It is used as a matter of expediency or utility. It is the result of weakness and helplessness and not of moral conviction. It is used for the fulfillment of selfish interests. This form of non-violence can lead to a limited success only. (iii) Non-violence of the Coward:
The non-violence of the coward is the worst form of non-violence Cowardice and non-violence can never really go together. A coward does not face danger, he runs away from it. Mahatma Gandhi would prefer violence instead of accepting the An Analysis of "Prostitutes the Women non-violence of the coward. He holds the view that if there is violence in one's mind it is good to use it openly rather than to Examples Of Resume, practise non-violence to hide one's impotence. A violent man can become non-violent one day but there is no hope for a coward. Gandhism favours non-violence of the brave. It always advocates the use of non-violence for securing the objectives dictated by Truth. Now the United Nations has decided to celebrate each year 2nd October (Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi) as World Non-violence Day. It is a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi's love for SHIT? It is of Mind, Non-violence. Mahatma Gandhism advocates dependence upon Satyagraha as the means to resist evil. It is a moral weapon which is based on soul force and not physical force.
Satyagraha means, 'Clinging to the Truth'. Satyagraha is the vindication of truth, not by Examples Of Resume infliction of suffering on the opponent but on one'- own self. Satyagraha is nothing but Tapsya for Rn Cover Grad, truth.' Satyagraha is a moral weapon with which one can successful meet the challenge evil, injustice, exploitation and untruthfulness. Gandhiji was of the opinion that oppression and exploitation were possible only through co-operation given by those who were being oppressed. When the Templates people decide to It is a Whole of Mind, refuse to co-operate with an unjust Government the unjust system sooner or later, comes to an end. Non-violent non-cooperation can even bend the absolute power of a despot. When negotiations and petitions fail, the evil can be resisted only through non-cooperation. Even a despot government cannot continue in rule without the cooperation of the Of Resume Templates people. When the people adopt the path of non-cooperation after shedding all fear, the despot also becomes helpless, and he has to bow before the public.
Gandhiji led the struggle for Examples Templates, freedom by sing non-violent non-cooperation means. Non-co-operation can assume three different forms: The aim of the stoppage of Of Resume, work is to arouse consciousness in the minds of the people and the government against An Analysis of Hotel, evil. The weapon of social boycott can he used against those people who do not join non-cooperation movement. But it does not mean a denial of the use of social service to the persons boycotted. Examples Templates. Social boycott also does not mean insulting of the cooperator by the non-cooperator. The aim of picketing is not to check the entry of a person to that place which is picketed but to arouse public indignation against the wrong doers. Strike is Resume Templates another mode of Satyagraha. Examples Templates. The objective of strike is stoppage of work to register protest against Templates For Wordpad, the government for focusing the attention of the public on specific public issues. But the strike has to be voluntary and non-violent.
Gandhiji was also against repeated strikes because he felt that these will reduce its efficacy. Where the question of the strike of the workers in the factories is concerned, he advised them that they should take care of the interest of the whole industry. Whenever they may go on strike, they should limit their opposition to injustice, corruption, inefficiency and undue greed of the owners. Of Resume. The strike should always be totally non-violent. Fasting is another effective method of Satyagraha. According to Resume For Wordpad, Gandhiji, the best and most acceptable method is that of fasting. It can be used for self-purification, for opposing injustice, and for changing the hearts of the wrong doers. It is a means to arouse public opinion by self-suffering. But fasting can prove effective against injustice only when it is undertaken by one who is a noble, spiritual, self-disciplined and Templates faithful person. An indolent and indiscipline person has no right to for the, practice it.
It is the most drastic form of Satyagraha. Gandhiji called civil-disobedience, a complete, effective and bloodless substitute of an Examples Templates armed revolt, It means disobedience of immoral, unjust and Ilonggo Restaurants for the ASEAN oppressive laws. It includes non-payment of taxes and non-cooperation with the government in any way. But the weapon of civil-disobedience being a very dangerous weapon, it has to be employed with great care and caution. In Civil Disobedience, one always gets into direct conformation with the government. Therefore, people should be ready to bear the punishment resulting from disobedience of civil laws. Further, civil disobedience movement has to be kept as a movement free from violence and lawlessness. Hijrat is also a weapon of Examples Templates, Satyagraha. It means voluntary exile from the place of normal residence to some other place in order to escape from oppression and Of Resume injustice. The founder of Of Resume, Islam, Prophet Mohammad migrated from Mecca to Medina. Gandhiji held the view that voluntary exile may be resorted to when people cannot live in their homes with self-respect or when they cannot resist oppression non-violently or when they cannot defend themselves by force.
Thus, Satyagraha, as the fight for truth and fight against evil, could be practiced in several ways. 5. Examples Of Resume Templates. Relationship between Religion and Politics: Gandhian Philosophy advocates the view than religion and politics are not entirely separate things. The relationship between the two is like the relationship between body and soul. Gandhiji entered politics for Examples Templates, the sake of religion. He spiritualised politics. He held that the people who say that there is no relationship between religion and politics do not know the meaning of religion. For him there could be no politics devoid of religion.
However, by religion Gandhiji did not means any particular religion. He always respected all the Rn Cover Letter Grad religions and followed their values. He believed in all religions because these represented the same values. His God was truth, love, non-violence and Of Resume Templates selfless service of humanity and these constituted his religion. Taken in this way, politics must never loose sight of religion that is religious (moral) values which are present in every religion. 6. Faith in the principle of An Analysis of "Prostitutes on Strike: Street, Purity of Templates, Means and Ends: Gandhism firmly believes in the use of good means for the realisation of Templates, good ends. It firmly stands against the materialistic principle of end justifies means.
Gandhism is totally against the use of Of Resume, bad means for the attainment of a good end. It supports the principle of moral ends through moral means. Final Project Analysis - Moller Hire To Write. A good end can never be really secured through evil means. Good ends have to be achieved only by good means. Gandhism describes state as a 'Souless Machine.', The state represents violence in a concentrated and organised form. The individual has a soul, but the state is souless machine. It can never be weaned away from violence because its basis has been force. Gandhiji repudiated the state on historical, moral and philosophical basis. He argued that there was no illustration in history when the state had supported the case of the poor. State is based on force and its orders are enforced with coercive power.
So it has no moral basis. The state curbs the Examples Templates individuality of Templates For Wordpad, man and it creates hindrances in Examples, the way of economic progress. However, Gandhiji did not favour a complete abolition of the Top 10 Ilonggo for the Integration State. He accepted the role of state as an agency for providing security to Examples Of Resume, the people. Gandhiji considered state as a means and - Moller Maersk hire someone to write not an end. In the words of Examples, Gandhiji, The state is not an end in itself, but a means of enabling people to better their conditions in every department of life.
Gandhiji wanted the on Strike: the Women of Hotel Street Durin state to be a Service State. Examples. State should work for making the Templates For Wordpad life of man better. Further, the state is not infallible and Examples Of Resume Templates omnipotent. Top 10 Ilonggo. People can oppose the unjust laws and policies of the Examples Templates state. Gandhiji wanted to Examples Templates, limit the Templates functions of the Top 10 Integration State.
Like individualists, Gandhiji regarded the State as a necessary evil. He wished to assign to it minimum functions. Examples Of Resume Templates. Like Thoreau, he believed that government is the best which governs the least. Self-government really means greater freedom from the control of the State. Undoubtedly, there are certain functions which cannot be performed without the state. However, a large number of functions can be performed without the State. This can be done by the people solely through their own initiatives and mutual co-operation. Gandhiji did not look with favour the growing power of the An Analysis on Strike: Street State. Gandhiji's ideal was a stateless democratic society. Examples Of Resume Templates. This society was to be a federation of An Analysis on Strike: the Women of Hotel Street, self-contained and self-regulated village communities.
It was to work on the basis of Of Resume, peoples' voluntary and peaceful co-operation. Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants For The ASEAN Integration. Every village was to be a small republic, having a panchayat with full powers. Every village republic was to have the right to manage all its affairs. It was also to protect itself from foreign aggression through its own means. Such a society was to Examples Of Resume, be highly civilized in Examples Templates, which every individual was to be aware of its needs and necessity of working with others on the basis of equal labour. Gandhiji named his ideal society as 'Ram Rajya'. Truth and non-violence were to be the basis of Ram Rajya. In the Ideal society people were to lead a happy and peaceful life on the basis of moral and spiritual values. Gandhiji knew well that his ideal of stateless village based of self-government could not be realized in a short time.
He therefore supported democracy as the best form of government. However, the central point of his concept of democracy was Village Panchayat system. Panchayats were to Examples Templates, play a special role in the Gandhian Society. The members of Panchayats were to be directly elected by the people. The right to vote was to be given only to those persons who were performing one or the other type of physical labour. Panchayats were to Ilonggo for the Integration, have sufficient powers to run the administration of villages. Above village panchayats there were to be district level panchayats whose members were to be elected indirectly by the members of the village panchayats. Each district panchayat was to manage the district administration. Above the district administration there was to be the provincial government whose members were to be elected by the district panchajyats.
Above the provincial governments, there was to be a central government. The members of the central parliament and the supreme executive were to be elected indirectly by all the provincial assemblies. The functions of the central government were to be kept limited. Thus the whole country was to be ruled by panchayats of the people. Gandhiji was in favour of a democratic state with its powers decentralised. He was of the opinion that the greater the Examples Templates centralisation the lesser was the democracy in Examples Templates, the state.
Centralisation leads to a misuse of power. Centralisation always acts as a big handicap in the way of Examples Of Resume, moral growth. As such, the best principle for the organisation of government was full decentralisation of powers. Gandhiji believed in the principle that every man should do some physical labour to earn his bread. Those who feed themselves without doing physical labour are parasites on society. Teachers, doctors, advocates, administrative officers and such other persons who do mental labour should also do some physical labour to earn bread. Gandhiji advocated that they should earn their bread by engaging themselves in wheel-spinning or some other handicraft.
They should do mental labour for the society free of any cost. Ideal labour is that with which one grows something out of land. Gandhiji was not against the institution of private property as such. But he opposed the use of property as a means for exploiting others. He was of the view that every person must have a house to live in, proper food to eat and An Analysis Street adequate clothes to cover his body.
However, Gandhiji did not want to prevent more hard-working and more talented people to Examples Of Resume Templates, earn more. He also did not want that rich people should be deprived of their property forcibly. He simply believed and advocated the view that the gap between the rich and the poor should be less. It can be bridged only if rich people may come forward to use their talent and wealth not for themselves but for the betterment of the society as trustees. This is his principle of 'Trusteeship'. Property-holders, whether they are landlords or capitalists should consider their property a social trust.
They should use it in the interest of the society. As trustees, they could have only reasonable rate of earnings because of their service and usefulness to the society. The rate of earning could be just only if the earners agreed to surrender their existing titles based on absolute ownership for a trusteeship. If, however, the landlords and the capitalists failed to accept the new principle of trusteeship as the Rn Cover Letter basis of ownership, the weapon of Templates, non-violent non-cooperation could be used against them and social control over property be established. Trusteeship system could work as a mean for transforming the present capitalist system into Rn Cover Letter Grad, an egalitarian order. Gandhism is opposed to Templates, centralised economy Economic centralisation helps capitalism to flourish. It leads to Templates, economic exploitation of man by man and nation by nation. Big industries need raw materials in large quantities. The craftsmen do not get supply of raw-materials at proper rates. Due to large scale production by Examples machines, the demand for goods produced by craftsmen goes down and consequently they have to face unemployment. The search for raw-materials gives birth to colonialism and imperialism.
For an over-populated country like India centralised production is unsuitable as it leads to unemployment. Gandhiji favoured complete economic decentralisation. Each village should be a self-sufficient economic unit. Gandhiji was a supporter of small and cottage industries. He gave high priority to Khadi industry. He emphasized that through this industry, one of the major needs of the of "Prostitutes the Women of Hotel Street people can be fulfilled. Gandhiji launched Swadeshi Movement to propogate the use of Khadi and other self-made things. Gandhiji was against mechanised farming, large-sale farming and large scale industrialisation. He was in favour of personal intensive farming on Examples Templates, a small scale. He wanted to protect human and It is a Whole of Mind cattle power from the competition of machines. According to Gandhiji, crime was a social disease.
Mostly, it was a product of the Examples present social order which was both unjust and inhuman in approach. As criminals were the product of social system, the society should try to reform and rehablitate them. Criminals should not be treated inhumanly with a spirit of Top 10 Ilonggo Restaurants for the ASEAN, revenge. They should get psychological treatment and given education for Examples Of Resume, leading a better life. Research Project / Strategic - Moller Maersk Hire To Write. Jail officials should adopt sympathetic attitude towards criminals and help them to transform their lives. His motto was: Hate the sin and not the sinner.
Regarding legal justice, Gandhiji was of the view that justice should be cheap and Examples Templates quick. Of Resume. Judicial system should be decentralised. He was in favour of entrusting judicial powers to the panchayats. He supported the method of arbitration for Examples Of Resume Templates, settling disputes. Gandhiji did not find any antagonism between nationalism and Top 10 Ilonggo for the internationalism. He was opposed to narrow, violent and aggressive nationalism. He was a firm supporter of world peace and world brother-hood.
He stood for positive and healthy adjustment between nationalism and internationalism. He held the view that people should be patriotic but at the same time, they should have good will towards the people of other countries. Gandhiji considered nationalism as precursor of internationalism. He was of the firm view that the spirit of true internationalism can be adopted only by those people who are true nationalists. Nationalism is the first step towards internationalism.
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